Berlin is the scene of this new round of trilateral negotiations between the European Union, Ukraine and Russia.
The fifth round of trilateral negotiations in Berlin on the transit of Russian gas through Ukraine begins. According to Ukrinform, the multimedia platform of Ukraine , the negotiations are chaired by the Vice-President of the EU Commission, Maros Sefcovic. The delegations of Ukraine and the Russian Federation are headed by ministers Alexey Orzhel and Alexander Novak, respectively.
We have commented several times that Brussels is negotiating the passage of Russian gas through Ukraine . Conflicts between the two countries have complicated the agreement. The European Union has already submitted a proposal for 10 years. During that time, Ukraine must guarantee the annual transit of 60 billion cubic meters of gas per year.
Again the negotiations are resumed to get an agreement. The previous rounds of the negotiations took place on July 17, 2018, January 21, 2019 , September 19, 2019 and October 28, 2019.
It is expected that throughout the afternoon there will be a press conference to inform if an agreement has been reached. It must establish the duration, volume and price of gas transit.
Initiatives for the transit of Russian gas
But we also said then that there were more initiatives behind. The Russian government itself promoted a contract between the Bulgarian state gas company and the Saudi Arkad group. Its objective is the construction of a 474-kilometer section of the TurkStream gas pipeline to transport Russian gas.
On this stretch, from Turkey to Serbia on Bulgarian soil, some 20,000 million cubic meters per year will circulate. The TurkStream gas pipeline will enable the transit of Russian gas through the Black Sea to Turkey and from there to Central Europe through Bulgaria, Serbia, Hungary and Slovakia.
Ukraine gains access to the transbalcanic corridor
Today we have learned that the operator of the gas transport system (GTS) of Ukraine and the Romanian operator TRANSGAZ have signed a technical agreement . According to him, as of January 1, 2020, Ukraine will be able to transport gas from southern Europe and Turkey. It is a guarantee of gas supply to Moldova.
It is, according to the press service of NJSC Naftogaz of Ukraine , a technical agreement on interaction following European standards.
“This means that, as of the new year, suppliers can freely transport the gas from southern Europe and Turkey, through Bulgaria and Romania, to Ukraine and then to Moldova.”
Thus, from January 1, it will be possible to transport up to 17.8 million cubic meters of gas daily on the Ukraine – Romania route. Similarly, 15.8 million cubic meters in the reverse direction.
“This is not only a new opportunity for Ukrainian merchants, but also a guarantee of Moldova’s access to gas markets in southern Europe.”
This is what the company has stated by referring to the possibility that the Russian Gazprom will terminate its transit through Ukraine.
In this regard, Ukrinform states that the Ukrainian government has instructed Naftogaz to take measures that guarantee gas exports to Moldova .
He adds that SA GAZ-SYSTEM SA, JSC “Ukrtransgaz” and SL “GTS Operator of Ukraine” agreed at the end of November the terms of cooperation at the interconnection points of the gas transport systems of Ukraine and Poland, Hermanowice and Drozdowice . Its entry into force will be from January 1, 2020.